Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. An estimated 85% of the world's 415 million diabetic patients will develop DR.
Fundus images play a crucial role in DR diagnosis, especially since 95% of cases are treatable - if identified early by a specialist. In addition, since fundus cameras provide a low-cost, rapid examination even in remote settings, it has been recognized as a powerful screening test for DR, especially in areas and populations with higher disease burden.
While the cost of acquiring a fundus image has become much more affordable, the interpretation of fundus images are currently limited by cost and access to trained eye specialists and proper screening facilities. Hence, there are many patients that get diagnosed too late and unable to treat their symptoms.